2.15 Button

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In this lesson, you will learn about Button. Button is a common component used to control electronic devices. It is usually used as a switch to connect or break circuits.

Components Required

Component Introduction

Two pins on the left are connected, and the one on the right is similar to the left, which is shown below:

The symbol shown as below is usually used to represent a button in circuits.

When the button is pressed, the 4 pins are connected, thus closing the circuit.

Fritzing Circuit

In this example, we read the signal of the button with the digital pin 2. When the button is not pressed, the digital pin 2 (through the drop-down resistor) is connected to ground to read the low level (0); when the button is pressed, the two pins are connected and when the pin is connected to the 5V power supply, the high level (1) is read.

NOTE:If you disconnect the digital I/O pin from anything, the LED may blink erratically. The input is “floating” or it doesn’t have a solid connection to voltage or ground, so it will randomly return either HIGH or LOW. That’s why there needs a pull-down resistor in the circuit.

Schematic Diagram


Example 1:

void setup() {
  pinMode(2, INPUT);

void loop() {
  int buttonState = digitalRead(2);

Uploaded the codes to the Mega2560 board, you can see the readings of the pins on the serial monitor. When you press down the Button, there will display 「1」on the serial monitor, and once you release it, there will display「0」. As for the detail code explanation, please refer to Part 1-1.4 Digital Read.

Example 2:

const int  buttonPin = 2;    
int detectionState = 0;   
int buttonState = 0;         
int lastButtonState = 0;    

void setup() {
  pinMode(buttonPin, INPUT);

void loop() {
  buttonState = digitalRead(buttonPin);
  if (buttonState != lastButtonState) {
    if (buttonState == HIGH) {
      Serial.print("The detection state is:");
  lastButtonState = buttonState;

Uploaded the codes to the Mega2560 board, every time you press the button, the output value will switch between 0 and 1. If you want to know more about the code explanation, you can turn to Part 1-1.10 State Change Detection.

Phenomenon Picture