Lesson 3.1.5 Battery Indicator

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Introduction

In this course, we will make a battery indicator device that can visually display the battery level on the LED Bargraph.

Components

Schematic Diagram

T-Board NamephysicalwiringPiBCM
GPIO17Pin 11017
GPIO18Pin 12118
GPIO27Pin 13227
GPIO25Pin 22625
GPIO12Pin 322612
GPIO16Pin 362716
GPIO20Pin 382820
GPIO21Pin 402921
GPIO5Pin 29215
GPIO6Pin 31226
GPIO13Pin 332313
GPIO19Pin 352419
GPIO26Pin 372526

Experimental Procedures 

Step 1: Build the circuit.

For C Language Users

Step 2: Go to the folder of the code. 

    cd /home/pi/davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/c/3.1.5/

Step 3: Compile the code.

    gcc 3.1.5_BatteryIndicator.c -lwiringPi

Step 4: Run the executable file.

    sudo ./a.out

After the program runs, give the 3rd pin of ADC0834 and the GND a lead-out wire separately and then lead them to the two poles of a battery separately. You can see the corresponding LED on the LED Bargraph is lit up to display the power level (measuring range: 0-5V).

Code Explanation

void LedBarGraph(int value){
    for(int i=0;i<10;i++){
        digitalWrite(pins[i],HIGH);
    }
    for(int i=0;i<value;i++){
        digitalWrite(pins[i],LOW);
    }
}

This function works for controlling the turning on or off of the 10 LEDs on the LED Bargraph. We give these 10 LEDs high levels to let they are off at first, then decide how many LEDs are lit up by changing the received analog value.

int main(void)
{
    uchar analogVal;
    if(wiringPiSetup() == -1){ //when initialize wiring failed,print messageto screen
        printf("setup wiringPi failed !");
        return 1;
    }
    pinMode(ADC_CS,  OUTPUT);
    pinMode(ADC_CLK, OUTPUT);
    for(int i=0;i<10;i++){       //make led pins' mode is output
        pinMode(pins[i], OUTPUT);
        digitalWrite(pins[i],HIGH);
    }
    while(1){
        analogVal = get_ADC_Result(0);
        LedBarGraph(analogVal/25);
        delay(100);
    }
    return 0;
}

analogVal produces values (0-255) with varying voltage values (0-5V), ex., if a 3V is detected on a battery, the corresponding value 152 is displayed on the voltmeter. 

The 10 LEDs on the LED Bargraph are used to display the analogVal readings. 255/10=25, so every 25 the analog value increases, one more LED turns on, ex., if “analogVal=150 (about 3V), there are 6 LEDs turning on.”

  • For Python Language Users

Step 2: Go to the folder of the code.

    cd /home/pi/davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/python/

Step 3: Run the executable file.

    sudo python3 3.1.5_BatteryIndicator.py

After the program runs, give the 3rd pin of ADC0834 and the GND a lead-out wire separately and then lead them to the two poles of a battery separately. You can see the corresponding LED on the LED Bargraph is lit up to display the power level (measuring range: 0-5V).

Code Explanation

def LedBarGraph(value):
    for i in ledPins:
        GPIO.output(i,GPIO.HIGH)
    for i in range(value):
        GPIO.output(ledPins[i],GPIO.LOW)

This function works for controlling the turning on or off of the 10 LEDs on the LED Bargraph. We give these 10 LEDs high levels to let they are off at first, then decide how many LEDs are lit up by changing the received analog value.

def loop():
    while True:
        analogVal = ADC0834.getResult()
        LedBarGraph(int(analogVal/25))

analogVal produces values (0-255) with varying voltage values (0-5V), ex., if a 3V is detected on a battery, the corresponding value 152 is displayed on the voltmeter. 

The 10 LEDs on the LED Bargraph are used to display the analogVal readings. 255/10=25, so every 25 the analog value increases, one more LED turns on, ex., if “analogVal=150 (about 3V), there are 6 LEDs turning on.”

Phenomenon Picture