Lesson 2.1.3 Tilt Switch

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Introduction

This is a ball tilt-switch with a metal ball inside. It is used to detect inclinations of a small angle.

Components

Principle

Tilt

The principle is very simple. When the switch is tilted in a certain angle, the ball inside rolls down and touches the two contacts connected to the pins outside, thus triggering circuits. Otherwise the ball will stay away from the contacts, thus breaking the circuits.

Schematic Diagram

T-Board NamephysicalwiringPiBCM
GPIO17Pin 11017
GPIO27Pin 13227
GPIO22Pin 15322

Experimental Procedures

Step 1: Build the circuit.  

  • For C Language Users

Step 2: Change directory.

    cd /home/pi/davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/c/2.1.3/

Step 3: Compile.

    gcc 2.1.3_Tilt.c -lwiringPi

Step 4: Run.

    sudo ./a.out

Place the tilt horizontally, and the green LED will turns on. If you tilt it, “Tilt!” will be printed on the screen and the red LED will lights on. Place it horizontally again, and the green LED will turns on again.

Code

#include <wiringPi.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define TiltPin     0
#define Gpin        2
#define Rpin        3

void LED(char* color)
{
    pinMode(Gpin, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(Rpin, OUTPUT);
    if (color == "RED")
    {
        digitalWrite(Rpin, HIGH);
        digitalWrite(Gpin, LOW);
    }
    else if (color == "GREEN")
    {
        digitalWrite(Rpin, LOW);
        digitalWrite(Gpin, HIGH);
    }
    else
        printf("LED Error");
}

int main(void)
{
    if(wiringPiSetup() == -1){ //when initialize wiring failed,print message to screen
        printf("setup wiringPi failed !");
        return 1;
    }

    pinMode(TiltPin, INPUT);
    LED("GREEN");
    
    while(1){
        if(0 == digitalRead(TiltPin)){
            delay(10);
            if(0 == digitalRead(TiltPin)){
                LED("RED");
                printf("Tilt!\n");
            }
        }
        else if(1 == digitalRead(TiltPin)){
            delay(10);
            if(1 == digitalRead(TiltPin)){
                LED("GREEN");
            }
        }
    }
    return 0;
}

Code Explanation

void LED(char* color)
{
    pinMode(Gpin, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(Rpin, OUTPUT);
    if (color == "RED")
    {
        digitalWrite(Rpin, HIGH);
        digitalWrite(Gpin, LOW);
    }
    else if (color == "GREEN")
    {
        digitalWrite(Rpin, LOW);
        digitalWrite(Gpin, HIGH);
    }
    else
        printf("LED Error");
}

Define a function LED() to turn the two LEDs on or off. If the parameter color is RED, the red LED lights up; similarly, if the parameter color is GREEN, the green LED will turns on.           

while(1){
        if(0 == digitalRead(TiltPin)){
            delay(10);
            if(0 == digitalRead(TiltPin)){
                LED("RED");
                printf("Tilt!\n");
            }
        }
        else if(1 == digitalRead(TiltPin)){
            delay(10);
            if(1 == digitalRead(TiltPin)){
                LED("GREEN");
            }
        }
    }

If the read value of tilt switch is 0, it means that the tilt switch is tilted then you write the parameter ”RED” into function LED to get the red LED lighten up; otherwise, the green LED will lit.

  • For Python Language Users

Step 2: Change directory.

    cd /home/pi/davinci-kit-for-raspberry-pi/python/

Step 3: Run.

    sudo python3 2.1.3_Tilt.py

Place the tilt horizontally, and the green LED will turns on. If you tilt it, “Tilt!” will be printed on the screen and the red LED will turns on. Place it horizontally again, and the green LED will lights on.

Code 

import RPi.GPIO as GPIO

TiltPin = 11
Gpin   = 13
Rpin   = 15

def setup():
    GPIO.setmode(GPIO.BOARD)       # Numbers GPIOs by physical location
    GPIO.setup(Gpin, GPIO.OUT)     # Set Green Led Pin mode to output
    GPIO.setup(Rpin, GPIO.OUT)     # Set Red Led Pin mode to output
    GPIO.setup(TiltPin, GPIO.IN, pull_up_down=GPIO.PUD_UP)    # Set BtnPin's mode is input, and pull up to high level(3.3V)
    GPIO.add_event_detect(TiltPin, GPIO.BOTH, callback=detect, bouncetime=200)

def Led(x):
    if x == 0:
        GPIO.output(Rpin, 1)
        GPIO.output(Gpin, 0)
    if x == 1:
        GPIO.output(Rpin, 0)
        GPIO.output(Gpin, 1)

def Print(x):
    if x == 0:
        print ('    *************')
        print ('    *   Tilt!   *')
        print ('    *************')

def detect(chn):
    Led(GPIO.input(TiltPin))
    Print(GPIO.input(TiltPin))

def loop():
    while True:
        pass

def destroy():
    GPIO.output(Gpin, GPIO.HIGH)       # Green led off
    GPIO.output(Rpin, GPIO.HIGH)       # Red led off
    GPIO.cleanup()                     # Release resource

if __name__ == '__main__':     # Program start from here
    setup()
    try:
        loop()
    except KeyboardInterrupt:  # When 'Ctrl+C' is pressed, the program destroy() will be  executed.
        destroy()

Code Explanation

GPIO.add_event_detect(TiltPin, GPIO.BOTH, callback=detect, bouncetime=200)

Set up a detect on TiltPin, and callback function to detect.

def Led(x):
    if x == 0:
        GPIO.output(Rpin, 1)
        GPIO.output(Gpin, 0)
    if x == 1:
        GPIO.output(Rpin, 0)
        GPIO.output(Gpin, 1)

Define a function Led() to turn the two LEDs on or off. If x=0, the red LED lights up; otherwise,  the green LED will be lit.

def Print(x):
    if x == 0:
        print ('    *************')
        print ('    *   Tilt!   *')
        print ('    *************')

Create a function, Print() to print the characters above on the screen.

def detect(chn):
    Led(GPIO.input(TiltPin))
    Print(GPIO.input(TiltPin))

Define a callback function for tilt callback. Get the read value of the tilt switch then the function Led() controls the turning on or off of the two LEDs that is depended on the read value of the tilt switch.

Phenomenon Picture