Lesson 26 DS18B20 Temperature Sensor

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Introduction

Temperature Sensor DS18B20 is a commonly used digital temperature sensor featured with small size, low-cost hardware, strong anti-interference capability and high precision. The digital temperature sensor is easy to wire and can be applied a various occasions after packaging. Different from conventional AD collection temperature sensors, it uses a 1-wire bus and can directly output temperature data.

Components

– 1 * Raspberry Pi

– 1 * Breadboard

– 1 * Network cable (or USB wireless network adapter)

– 1 * DS18B20 Temperature Sensor module

– 1 * 3-Pin Anti-reverse Cable

Experimental Principle

With a unique single-wire interface, DS18B20 requires only one pin for a two-way communication with a microprocessor. It supports multi-point networking to measure multi-point temperatures. Eight sensors can be connected at most, because it will consume too much power supply and cause low voltage thus harming the stability of transmission.

When using the DS18B20, you need to connect a 10KΩ resistor to the middle pin DQ to pull up the level.

The schematic diagram:

Experimental Procedures

Step 1:Build the circuit

Raspberry PiDS18B20 Temperature Sensor
GPIO7SIG
5VVCC
GNDGND

Step 2Upgrade your kernel

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get upgrade

Step 3You can edit that file with nano

sudo nano /boot/config.txt 

Then scroll to the bottom and type

dtoverlay=w1-gpio

Then reboot with

sudo reboot. 

Mount the device drivers and confirm whether the device is effective or not

sudo modprobe w1-gpio

sudo modprobe w1-therm

cd /sys/bus/w1/devices/

ls

The result is as follows:

root@rasberrypi:/sys/bus/w1/devices# ls

28-00000495db35 w1_bus_master1

28-00000495db35 is an external temperature sensor device, but it may vary with every client. This is the serial number of your ds18b20.

Step 4:Check the current temperature

cd 28-00000495db35

ls

The result is as follows:

root@rasberrypi:/sys/bus/w1/devices/28-00000495db35# ls

driver  id name  power subsystem  uevent  w1_slave

cat w1_slave

The result is as follows:

root@raspberrypi:/sys/bus/w1_slave/28-00000495db35# cat w1_slave

a3 01 4b 46 7f ff 0d 10 ce : crc=ce YES

a3 01 4b 46 7f ff 0d 10 ce t=26187

The second line t=26187 is current temperature value. If you want to convert it to degree Celsius, you can divide by 1000, that is, the current temperature is 26187/1000=26.187 ℃.

For C language users:

Step 2: Change directory and edit

cd /home/pi/SunFounder_SensorKit_for_RPi2/C/26_ds18b20/

nano ds18b20.c

Find the following line, replace “28-031467805fff” with your sensor address. Save and exit.

char* addr = “/sys/bus/w1/devices/28-031467805fff/w1_slave”;

Step 6Compile

gcc ds18b20.c

Step 7Run

sudo ./a.out

For Python users:

Step 5: Change directory and edit

cd /home/pi/SunFounder_SensorKit_for_RPi2/Python/

nano 26_ds18b20.py

Step 6: Run

sudo python 26_ds18b20.py

Now, you can see the current temperature value displayed on the screen.

C Code

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define  BUFSIZE  128

char* addr = "/sys/bus/w1/devices/28-031467805fff/w1_slave";

int main(void)
{
	float temp;
	int i, j;
    int fd;
	int ret;

	char buf[BUFSIZE];
	char tempBuf[5];
	while (1){
	fd = open(addr, O_RDONLY);

	if(-1 == fd){
		perror("open device file error");
		return 1;
	}

	while(1){
		ret = read(fd, buf, BUFSIZE);
		if(0 == ret){
			break;	
		}
		if(-1 == ret){
			if(errno == EINTR){
				continue;	
			}
			perror("read()");
			close(fd);
			return 1;
		}
	}

	for(i=0;i<sizeof(buf);i++){
		if(buf[i] == 't'){
			for(j=0;j<sizeof(tempBuf);j++){
				tempBuf[j] = buf[i+2+j]; 	
			}
		}	
	}

	temp = (float)atoi(tempBuf) / 1000;

	printf("%.3f C\n",temp);

	close(fd);
	}
	return 0;
}


Python Code

#!/usr/bin/env python
#----------------------------------------------------------------
#	Note:
#		ds18b20's data pin must be connected to pin7.
#		replace the 28-XXXXXXXXX as yours.
#----------------------------------------------------------------
import os

ds18b20 = ''

def setup():
	global ds18b20
	for i in os.listdir('/sys/bus/w1/devices'):
		if i != 'w1_bus_master1':
			ds18b20 = i

def read():
#	global ds18b20
	location = '/sys/bus/w1/devices/' + ds18b20 + '/w1_slave'
	tfile = open(location)
	text = tfile.read()
	tfile.close()
	secondline = text.split("\n")[1]
	temperaturedata = secondline.split(" ")[9]
	temperature = float(temperaturedata[2:])
	temperature = temperature / 1000
	return temperature
	
def loop():
	while True:
		if read() != None:
			print "Current temperature : %0.3f C" % read()

def destroy():
	pass

if __name__ == '__main__':
	try:
		setup()
		loop()
	except KeyboardInterrupt:
		destroy()