Two important libraries are used in programming with Raspberry Pi, and they are wiringPi and RPi.GPIO. The Raspbian OS image of Raspberry Pi installs them by default, so you can use them directly.
If you are a Python user, you can program GPIOs with API provided by RPi.GPIO.
RPi.GPIO is a module to control Raspberry Pi GPIO channels. This package provides a class to control the GPIO on a Raspberry Pi. For examples and documents, visit http://sourceforge.net/p/raspberry-gpio-python/wiki/Home/
Test whether RPi.GPIO is installed or not, type in python:
In Python CLI, input “import RPi.GPIO”, If no error prompts, it means RPi.GPIO is installed.
If you want to quit python CLI, type in:
wiringPi is a C language GPIO library applied to the Raspberry Pi platform. It complies with GUN Lv3. The functions in wiringPi are similar to those in the wiring system of Arduino. They enable the users familiar with Arduino to use wiringPi more easily.
wiringPi includes lots of GPIO commands which enable you to control all kinds of interfaces on Raspberry Pi. You can test whether the wiringPi library is installed successfully or not by the following instructions.
If the message above appears, the wiringPi is installed successfully.
For more details about wiringPi, you can refer to: http://wiringpi.com/download-and-install/